Cities worldwide account for about two-thirds of global final power use, including indirect consumption of energy contained in materials, products and other goods. In response to this, according to the Renewables in Cities 2019 Global Status report, investment in renewable energy across the Middle East and Africa has increased by 57% to a record $15.4 billion in the past year, led by Egypt, Kenya, Morocco and SA.
By the end of 2018, more than 230 cities –including Durban and Kasese (Uganda) – had committed to adopting 100% renewables in at least one sector. In addition, cities, such as Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, committed to focusing on achieving the renewables target incrementally, each with a coverage goal of 10% by 2020.
New developments include the Ngodwana Energy Biomass project, the first biomass plant to be supported under SA’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement programme. The project, which will convert waste material from surrounding tree plantations to supply power to the national grid, reached financial close and started construction this year.
Solar-powered street lights are also being adopted across sub-Saharan Africa, such as in Jinja and Kampala (Uganda); Bujumbura (Burundi); Dakar (Senegal); Dar es Salaam (Tanzania); Lomé (Togo); Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso); and Kenya.